The following is a list of academic research on health care workplace violence, published in 2017.
Study to evaluate the effects of a randomized controlled intervention on the incidence of patient-to-worker (Type II) violence and related injury in hospitals.
Arnetz, J. et al. Preventing patient-to-worker violence in hospitals: outcome of a randomized controlled intervention. January 2017. J Occup Environ Med
The article examined data from a nationally representative sample of the Australian population to clarify the characteristics of these two trauma domains in their contributions to PTSD rates in men and women.
Silove et al. The contribution of gender-based violence and network trauma to gender differences in post-traumatic stress disorder. Public Library of Science. Vol 12 (2). February 2017. Directory of Open Access Journals
The purpose of this article is to describe the development process and utility of one such intervention for use by nursing faculty with nursing students prior to their students’ entry into the profession.
Gillespie et al. “Nurses Eat their Young”: A Novel Bullying Educational Program for Student Nurses. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice. February 2017. Vol. 7 (7). Pub Med Central
The purpose of the study was to review the most influential articles on the topic of workplace violence, while using the amount of accumulated citations as an outcome measure.
Nowrouzi and Huynh. Citation analysis of workplace violence: a review of the top 50 annual and lifetime cited articles. Aggression and violent behaviour. May 2017. Vol. 28. ResearchGate
This study reviews 12 such programs using criteria developed from training topics in the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) Guidelines for Preventing Workplace Violence for Healthcare and Social Service Workers and a review of the WPV literature.
Arbury, Sheila, Zankowski, Donna, Lipscomb, Jane, and Hodgson, Michael. Workplace Violence Training Programs for Health Care Workers: An Analysis of Program Elements. Workplace Health and Safety. Vol. 65 (6). June 2017. PubMed
The purpose of this evidence synthesis is to examine specific interventions that are shown to be effective in reducing worker illness and injury in the home care setting, as well as explore potential enablers and supports to ensure these interventions are effective.
Nova Scotia Health Research Foundation. Interventions to reduce worker injury and illness in the home care setting. June 2017. Research Review
This report outlines our current understanding of the diagnosis, prevalence, neuro-biologic characteristics and treatment of PTSD, as well as the clinical implications of this knowledge.
Shalev et al. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. New England Journal of Medicine. Vol. 376. June 22, 2017. PubMed Central
Many provincial governments — including Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan and Manitoba — have launched specific initiatives to address the growing problem of workplace violence in health care.
Canadian Occupational Safety: The Safety Standard. August 2017. Post
Health care workers regularly face the risk of violent physical, sexual and verbal assault from their patients. To explore this phenomenon, a collaborative descriptive qualitative study was undertaken by university-affiliated researchers and a union council representing registered practical nurses, personal support workers, and other health care staff in Ontario, Canada.
Brophy, Keith, Hurley. Assaulted and Unheard: Violence Against Healthcare Staff. A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy. September 2017. Vol. 27 (4). Sage Journals
The Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC) initiated the three-year Case Study Research Project (CSRP) in 2014. Its purpose was to investigate the progress of Canadian organizations which were implementing the National Standard of Canada for Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace (the Standard).
Mental Health Commission of Canada. Case Study Research Project Findings: Review of the National Standard of Canada for Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace. Public Report
This study investigated the relationships between seven workload factors and patient and nurse outcomes. Overall, this study demonstrated that job-level nurse perceptions of heavy workloads and task-level interruptions adversely influence patient and nurse outcomes.
MacPhee, M. et al. The Impact of Heavy Perceived Nurse Workloads on Patient and Nurse Outcomes. 2017. Sci
Study examined PTSD and exposure to violence and other disturbing patient behaviors, surveying nursing and other staff on inpatient psychiatric unit.
Hilton, Z. Psychiatric Hospital Workers’ Exposure to Disturbing Patient Behavior and its Relation to PTSD Symptoms. 2017. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research